The right of ownership over literature, theatre, music, artwork, sound recordings, and other works is known as copyright. Copyright registration confers a set of rights, including the ability to reproduce, communicate to the public, alter, and translate the work. Registering a Copyright guarantees that the writers’ rights to ownership and enjoyment of their works are protected and rewarded, which protects and promotes creativity.
Copyright registration is required since it allows you to connect with the public, reproduce the rights, adapt, and translate the works.
As knowledge of intellectual property rules has grown, there has been a significant rise in the quantity of intellectual property being registered in India. One of the most important kinds of intellectual property protection is copyright registration.
Copyright registration is carried out in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright Act of 1957. The author’s creative work cannot be duplicated since no one is permitted to use it without the author’s or creator’s consent. The author has the right to charge for the use or alteration of his work. In most cases, copyright protection lasts for 60 years.
Documents required for copyright registration
Any work connected to literature, theatre, music, artwork, cinema, or sound recording can be registered for copyright. Copyrights are granted to three types of works, each with its own set of rights under the copyright laws.
The copyright for literature, music, painting, sculpture, and other artistic works includes original literary, dramatic, musical, and aesthetic works.
Another type of copyright is cinematography, which includes any work of visual recording on any medium.
Under the copyright legislation, sound recordings are defined as any recording of sounds, independent of the media on which the recording is made or the technique by which the sound is created.
Process for copyright registration
Copyright registration applications can be submitted on Form IV together with the required payments. It can be copyrighted whether it is a published or unpublished work. Three copies of published material must be provided with the application for published work.
For unpublished work, a copy of the manuscript must be provided with the application for affixing the copyright office’s stamp, which serves as proof that the work has been registered.
The following is a step-by-step guide to obtaining copyright registration in India:
- The application for copyright registration must be submitted using the appropriate forms that reference the specific work.
- A different copyright application may be required depending on the type of work.
- The applicant must sign the papers, and the Advocate must file the application in the name of the person who has signed the POA.
- Once the application is filed online, a Diary number will be assigned.
- After a 30-day waiting period, the copyright examiner examines the application for any potential objections or inconsistencies.
- If there is a complaint, a notice will be given, and it must be completed within 30 days of the date of the notification’s issuance. The examiner has the authority to summon both parties to a hearing.
- Once the disparity is resolved or no objections are raised, the copyright is registered, and the Copyright Office issues a registration certificate.
Copyright Protection Validity
In most cases, copyright protection lasts for 60 years. The 60-year period begins with the author’s death year in the case of original literary, theatrical, musical, and artistic works.
The 60 years is calculated from the publishing date in the case of cinematographic films, sound recordings, photos, posthumous publications, anonymous and pseudonymous publications, works of government, and activity of international organisations.
The remedy in case of Copyright Infringement
Infringement of the copyright of any work is a crime punishable under Section 63 of the Copyright Act. A maximum penalty of six months in jail and a fine of Rs. 50,000 is possible.
Also, if a copyright violation has occurred or is likely to occur, any police officer not below the level of sub-inspector may, if satisfied, take all copies of the work and the plates used to make infringing copies of work without a warrant.
Rights of the Copyright owner
1. Reproduction Privileges
Copyright registration gives the copyright owner exclusive rights. Without the authorization of the copyright owner, an individual cannot create copies or duplicate material.
2. The Public's Right to Information
The owner has the option of broadcasting their original work to the general audience. Visual signals or even pictures might be used by the copyright owner.
3. Adaptation Rights
The Act gives the author the freedom to utilise his or her work in whatever way he or she sees fit. He is free to make any variations on his original work. He might potentially adopt a different format depending on his previous work.
4. Right to Perform in Public
Owners of creative and musical works have the right to perform their creations in public. A musician can perform his or her piece of music for the audience. An artist can perform in front of an audience or on whatever platform they want.
5. Paternity and Integrity Rights
The authors of creative work are endowed with moral and ethical rights. The right of attribution, often known as paternity, means that the artist can claim exclusive authorship of his work. The right of integrity permits the owner to sue the persons for damages. If someone attempts to mutilate, alter, or distort the original work, the copyright owners can sue for damages.
6. Distribution Rights
The Copyright Act gives the owner the freedom to disseminate his work in any format he wants. He can also transfer some rights to another individual to utilise the copyright if he so desires.
Benefits of getting a Copyright registration
Provides Legal Defense
When their work is duplicated without permission, the Creators are legally protected. Copyright registration makes it a lot easier to defend the original work against infringement.
Presence in the market
The registration of a copyright produces a public record of the work and establishes proof of ownership for the creative work.
The Owner’s Rights
The owner of a copyright registration has the right to reproduce, distribute, modify, and translate the work.
Lawful Use of Copyrighted Work Without Permission
Under some circumstances, the legislation permits the use of a registered work for research, study, critique, review, and news reporting without the owner’s consent, as well as the use of works in libraries, schools, and legislatures. Some exclusions have been established in respect of specific uses of copyrighted works to safeguard users’ interests. The uses of the work, for example, are one of the exemptions.
For research or private study, for critique or review in conjunction with a court process, for performance by an amateur club or society if the performance is for a non-paying audience, and for the recording of literary, dramatic, or musical works under specific conditions.